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Orthodontics



This deals with the diagnosis and treatment of malalignment of teeth and jaws. Treatment involves the use of braces (metal, ceramic and lingual/invisible braces). This means that any orthodontic treatment undertaken can be co-planned in conjunction with your cosmetic dentistry.

What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry specializing in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities (malocclusion). Orthodontics are sometimes required as part of a cosmetic dentistry treatment plan, as well as for functional purposes.

What are the Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment?

Orthodontic treatment is generally performed to improve a person’s appearance by straightening their teeth. However, an attractive smile is just one of the benefits.

Crowded, overlapping teeth are harder to clean and can increase the risk of tooth decay and gum disease, and eventual tooth loss. Having your teeth straightened will make it easier for you to look after them.

A malocclusion may also contribute to speech impairments and can increase the risk of trauma if teeth are prominent.

Teeth surfaces can wear unevenly if there is poor alignment of the teeth or jaws.

In summary, bringing the teeth, jaws and lips into proper alignment results in better functionality, easier cleaning and increased confidence and self esteem.

What are the types of Orthodontics?

Orthodontic treatment can be accomplished by several means. The most commonly known are braces which consist of the bonding of metal or porcelain brackets to the teeth and the application of forces to the teeth via the brackets by means of wires and elastics.

However, there are other types of orthodontics such as functional appliances and removable appliances. While functional appliances produce forces that correct the jaws (dental orthopedics), removable appliances focus their forces onto the individual teeth to correct tooth position. Surgical Orthodontics will correct jaw discrepancies that cannot be adequately treated with functional appliances or traditional brackets.

Lingual braces are attached to the back side of the teeth, which makes them completely non-visible. This advanced method makes lingual orthodontics particularly well-suited for adults, who often want to improve the look and function of their teeth without letting anyone else know about their treatment.

What are the different types of brackets?

There are basically 2 types of brackets: metal or porcelain.

Metal brackets, while more visible are easier for both the dentist and patient to control and result in faster movement.

Porcelain brackets are tooth colored but are more fragile and susceptible to breakage and therefore may slow treatment time