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Squint and Paediatric Opthalmology



SQUINT AND PAEDIATRIC OPTHALMOLOGY



Squint Treatment :


A Squint or Strabismus develops when the eye muscles do not work in a balanced way and the eyes do not move together correctly. This loss of coordination between the muscles of the two eyes leads to misalignment. Ideally, eyes move in parallel direction. But, in case of squint, also known as crossed eyes, one eye points in the direction in which the person is looking and the other eye turns inwards, outwards, upwards or downwards. This condition is more common in children than in adults.

The squinting eye is used less often and the brain tends to neglect the image from that eye. In children, this may lead to Amblyopia (Lazy Eye). It causes decreased vision & if the squint is not treated, the vision will be permanently switched off in that eye by the brain. Moreover, constant squint reduces the development of binocularity and depth perception which are required for various activities like driving, sports etc.

Squint does not correct on its own. Treatment of squint should begin as early as possible. The eye specialist is the best judge and will advise you the correct squint. The earlier the treatment begins, greater are the chances of improvement.

Dr. Smita Gupta is a well-known Paediatric Ophthalmologist and Head Opthalmologist in GuptaDental and Eye Care, located in Wanowrie (Pune), and has extensive experience in Ophthalmology and is well versed with the techniques and has extensive experience to do Squint surgeries.

                                                       


Pediatric Ophthalmology


The Pediatric Ophthalmology Department at Gupta Dental and Eye care deals with eye problems in children. Adult patients suffering from squint and double vision are also examined and treated effectively.

Children may not complain if they do not see out of one or both eyes. Sometimes the only clue may be poor performance in School, as well viewing the blackboard at a very close distance. Hence all children need an eye exam at the time of starting Schooling.

Of the eye problems in children, the most important are refractive errors, squint and amblyopia.

1. Refractive error or the need for glasses is the single most important cause of vision impairment in children. This may lead to permanent deficiency in vision if not detected and treated early.

2. Squint, also known as cross eyes, is the condition where the eyes do not work together. Treatment includes glasses, eye exercises or eye muscle surgery.

3. Lazy eye or amblyopia is the term for poor vision in one or both eyes. It can result from refractive error, squint or several other causes. This needs to be identified and treated at an early age to recover vision.

4. Infants born prematurely are at risk for developing Retinopathy of pre-maturity (ROP) which may lead to permanent blindness. Gupta Dental and Eye care has been in the forefront in India in the treatment of this disorder.

5. Cataract (opacification of the lens) can occur in children. This may be present since birth or result from injury. The treatment involves surgical procedures but very often treatment of lazy eye.

There are several causes of double vision and squint in adults as well. These are managed by exercise, special glasses, and eye muscle surgery when required.


Symptoms:


A child with any of the following needs to have a complete eye examination:

1. Poor performance in School

2. Viewing objects at a very close distance

3. Squint

4. Eyes shaking

5. Family history of eye problems or wearing glasses


                                                                           

Dr. Smita Gupta is a well-known Paediatric Ophthalmologist and Head Opthalmologist in GuptaDental and Eye Care, located in Wanowrie (Pune), and has extensive experience in Ophthalmology and is well versed with the techniques and has extensive experience to do paediatric-ophthalmology related surgeries.